Bacterial biofilm formation on the hyphae of ectomycorrhizal fungi: a widespread ability under controls?
Cora Miguel Guennoc, Christophe Rose, Jessy Labbé, and Aurélie Deveau
17 May 2018, FEMS Microbiology Ecology 94 (7): fiy093; doi: 10.1093/femsec/fiy093
Ectomycorrhizal (ECM) fungi establish symbiosis with roots of most trees of boreal and temperate ecosystems and are major drivers of nutrient fluxes between trees and the soil. ECM fungi constantly interact with bacteria all along their life cycle and the extended networks of hyphae provide a habitat for complex bacterial communities. Despite the important effects these bacteria can have on the growth and activities of ECM fungi, little is known about the mechanisms by which these microorganisms interact. Here we investigated the ability of bacteria to form biofilm on the hyphae of the ECM fungus Laccaria bicolor. We showed that the ability to form biofilms on the hyphae of the ECM fungus is widely shared among soil bacteria. Conversely, some fungi, belonging to the Ascomycete class, did not allow for the formation of bacterial biofilms on their surfaces. The formation of biofilms was also modulated by the presence of tree roots and ectomycorrhizae, suggesting that biofilm formation does not occur randomly in soil but that it is regulated by several biotic factors. In addition, our study demonstrated that the formation of bacterial biofilm on fungal hyphae relies on the production of networks of filaments made of extracellular DNA.
Miquel Guennoc, C., C. Rose, J. Labbe and A. Deveau (2018). “Bacterial biofilm formation on the hyphae of ectomycorrhizal fungi: a widespread ability under controls?” FEMS Microbiol Ecol 94(7).