Populus trichocarpa and Populus deltoides Exhibit Different Metabolomic Responses to Colonization by the Symbiotic fungus Laccaria bicolor
Timothy J. Tschaplinski, Jonathan M. Plett, Nancy L. Engle, Aurelie Deveau, Katherine C. Cushman, Madhavi Z. Martin, Mitchel J. Doktycz, Gerald A. Tuskan, Annick Brun, Annegret Kohler, and Francis Martin
02 May 2014, Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions 27(6): 546-556; doi: 10.1094/mpmi-09-13-1286-R
Within boreal and temperate forest ecosystems the majority of trees and shrubs form beneficial relationships with mutualistic ectomycorrhizal fungi (ECM) that support plant health through increased access to nutrients as well as aiding in stress and pest tolerance. The intimate interaction between fungal hyphae and plant roots result in a new symbiotic ‘organ’ called the ECM root tip. Little is understood concerning the metabolic re-programming that favors the formation of this hybrid tissue in compatible interactions and what prevents the formation of ECM root tips in incompatible interactions. We show here that the metabolic changes during favorable colonization between the ECM fungus Laccaria bicolor and its compatible host, Populus trichocarpa, are characterized by shifts in aromatic acid, organic acid, and fatty acid metabolism. We demonstrate that this extensive metabolic re-programming is repressed in incompatible interactions and that more defensive compounds are produced or retained. We also demonstrate that L. bicolor can metabolize a number of secreted defensive compounds and that the degradation of some of these compounds produce immune response metabolites (e.g., salicylic acid from salicin). Therefore, our results suggest that the metabolic responsiveness of plant roots to L. bicolor is a determinant factor in fungal:host interactions.
Timothy J. Tschaplinski, Jonathan M. Plett, Nancy L. Engle, Aurélie Deveau, Katherine Cushman, Madhavi Z. Martin, Mitchel J. Doktycz, Gerald A. Tuskan, Annick Brunm Annegret Kohler, and Francis Martin. 2014. Populus trichocarpa and Populus deltoides exhibit different metabolomic responses to colonization by the symbiotic fungus Laccaria bicolor. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions 27(6): 546-556 http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/MPMI-09-13-0286-R