Ectomycorrhizal symbiosis prepares its host locally and systemically for abiotic cue signaling
Maíra de Freitas Pereira, David Cohen, Lucas Auer, Nathalie Aubry, Marie-Béatrice Bogeat-Triboulot, Cyril Buré, Nancy L Engle, Yves Jolivet, Annegret Kohler, Ondřej Novák, Iva Pavlović, Pierrick Priault, Timothy J Tschaplinski, Irène Hummel, Marie-Noëlle Vaultier, Claire Veneault-Fourrey
Tree growth and survival are dependent on their ability to perceive signals, integrate them, and trigger timely and fitted molecular and growth responses. While ectomycorrhizal symbiosis is a predominant tree-microbe interaction in forest ecosystems, little is known about how and to what extent it helps trees cope with environmental changes. We hypothesized that the presence of Laccaria bicolor influences abiotic cue perception by Populus trichocarpa and the ensuing signaling cascade. We submitted ectomycorrhizal or non-ectomycorrhizal P. trichocarpa cuttings to short-term cessation of watering or ozone fumigation to focus on signaling networks before the onset of any physiological damage. Poplar gene expression, metabolite levels, and hormone levels were measured in several organs (roots, leaves, mycorrhizas) and integrated into networks. We discriminated the signal responses modified or maintained by ectomycorrhization. Ectomycorrhizas buffered hormonal changes in response to short-term environmental variations systemically prepared the root system for further fungal colonization and alleviated part of the root abscisic acid (ABA) signaling. The presence of ectomycorrhizas in the roots also modified the leaf multi-omics landscape and ozone responses, most likely through rewiring of the molecular drivers of photosynthesis and the calcium signaling pathway. In conclusion, P. trichocarpa-L. bicolor symbiosis results in a systemic remodeling of the host’s signaling networks in response to abiotic changes. In addition, ectomycorrhizal, hormonal, metabolic, and transcriptomic blueprints are maintained in response to abiotic cues, suggesting that ectomycorrhizas are less responsive than non-mycorrhizal roots to abiotic challenges.
Maira de Freitas Pereira M, Cohen D, Auer L, Aubry N, Bogeat-Triboulot M-B, Bure C, Engle NL, Jolivet Y, Kohler A, Novak O, Pavlović I, Priault P, Tschaplinski TJ, Hummel I, Vaultier MN, Veneault-Fourrey C. (2023) Ectomycorrhizal symbiosis prepares its host locally and systemically for abiotic cue signaling. The Plant Journal. DOI: 10.1111/TPJ.16465